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Lesson 1 Principals of Evolution

Evolution on the Web

 Self Study Test

I. Introduction

A. Definition of Species and Population

B. Principals of Evolution: definition

II. The history of evolutionary thought

A. Most important historical events

1. 427-347 BC - Plato

2. 384-322 BC Aristotle - Scala Naturae

3. Until 1700's-Crreationism

a. Each species was created individually by God

b. Earth was the center of the universe

c.Man stood atop creation

4. 1707-1788 - G.L. Buffon - creation provided a relatively small number of founding species

5. 1769-1832-G. Cuvier - theory of catastrophism

6. 1807-1873-L. Agassiz - new creation after each catastrophe: proposed at least 50 separate catastrophes and creations

7. 1726-1797-J. Hutton - developed uniformitarianism

8. 1797-1875-C. Lyell - supported Hutton

9. 1744-1829-Lamarck - inheritance of acquired characteristics

10. 1809-1882-C. Darwin - devoloped the theory of evolution

11. 1823-1913-A. Wallace - supported Darwin's theory

B. Present theory of evolution by natural selection

1. Framework for the theory for evolution

2. Mechanisms of natural selection

3. Some examples of natural selection

a. Insecticide resistance in insects

b. Antibiotic resistance in bacteria

III. Other evidence of evolution

A. Fossils

1. Transitional forms are evidence of evolutionary change

2. Controversies over the interpretation of fossil data

a. Dating of fossils

b. Do fossils really show transitional forms?

B. Homology

1. Anatomical homology

2. Embryological homology

3. Molecular homology

4. Homology and tree of life

C. Biogeography

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