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Lesson 12 - UNIT 1 Quiz #2

Multiple Choice Questions (review of all of Unit 1)

1. Living organisms and automobiles share many abilities in common: both can move, both let air in and out, or breathe, both take in
fuel and have excretory mechanisms. Choose the feature that is only possessed by a living organism.
a. has a way of sensing important aspects of itself
b. self-repairs
c. circulates important fluids
d. has a complex structure

2. The study of tissues is called
a. physiology  b. cytology  c. embryology  d. histology

3. The study of the structure of all the organs that relate to the process of digestion would, in general, be called
a. regional anatomy  b. systemic anatomy  c. surface anatomy  d. developmental anatomy

4. The level of organization between the molecular and the cellular is the
a. macromolecular  b. atomic  c. organ  d. organ system

5. The body's regulation of its temperature at about 37 degrees Celsius is an example of a _________ system in operation.
a. negative feedback  b. positive feedback

6. The organ system that contains the heart and blood vessels is called the
a. endocrine  b. respiratory  c. cardiovascular  d. nervous

7. Physiology is the study of
a. structure  b. function  c. cells  d. tissues

8. A laboratory study of the thyroid gland would be a study of the _______ system.
a. endocrine  b. lymphatic  c. integumentary  d. urinary

9. The fluid found within the cells of the body is called
a. lymphatic  b. interstitial c. intracellular  d. plasma

10. The fluid that directly bathes erythrocytes is called
a. lymphatic  b. interstitial c. intracellular  d. plasma

11. An example of a positive feedback system is the regulation of
a. blood glucose  b. blood calcium  c. body temperature  d. blood clotting

12. After observing nature for some time, scientists come up with ideas to explain as many of their observations as possible. Such
ideas are called
a. hypotheses  b. experiments  c. conclusions  d. theories

13. Open-minded collection of data through careful experimentation often results in data that is
a. unscientific  b. biased  c. unbiased

14. An x-ray image that allows the observer to see inside a blood vessel through the use of radioopaque dyes injected into the
blood, is called a(n)
a. CT scan  b. angiogram  c. MRI  d. sonogram

15. When you did your rat dissection, the preserved animal was laid down on which of its surfaces?
a. ventral  b. inferior  c. lateral  d. dorsal

16. The pleural and pericardial cavities are contained within the ________ cavity.
a. abdominal  b. pelvic  c. thoracic  d. spinal

17. The thin, slippery membrane forming the outer surface of organs of the abdominal cavity is the
a. visceral peritoneum  b. mesentery  c. parietal peritoneum  d. greater omentum

18. The membrane suspending the small intestine in the abdominal cavity is the
a. visceral peritoneum  b. mesentery  c. parietal peritoneum  d. greater omentum

19. A body section that divides the body into anterior and posterior parts is called a _______ section.
a. sagittal  b. transverse  c. frontal  d. mid-sagittal

20. Inrelation to the foot, one would describe the hip as being
a. anterior  b. superior  c. medial  d. proximal  e. distal

21. Body imaging utilizing high-intensity magnetic fields is called
a. CT scanning  b. MRI  c. ultrasound  d. radiography

22. Plasma forms ___________as it filters through the capillary wall
a. interstitial fluid  b. intracellularfluid  c. lymph  d. cerebrospinal fluid

23. The location medial to the lungs, superior to the diaphragm, anterior to the vertebral column, posterior to the sternum, and
inferior to the thoracic inlet, is the
a. abdominal cavity  b. mediastinum  c. thoracic cavity  d. pericardial cavity

24. The anatomical separation of the thoracic and abdominal cavities is the
a. diaphragm  b. mediastinum  c. greater omentum  d. mesentery

25. In a human, dorsal is the same as
a. posterior  b. anterior  c. inferior  d. medial


1. Define each of the following pairs of terms and utilize them in describing two parts of the human body:
    superior-inferior, anterior- posterior, dorsal-ventral, medial-lateral, cephalad-caudad, superficial-deep,
    and proximal-distal.
2. Describe the difference between sagittal, mid-sagittal and frontal sections through the human body.
3. Use anatomical terms to describe the relationship between the pericardial and pleural cavities.
4. Compare the anatomical locations of the parietal and visceral pleurae and the parietal and visceral

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