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+ HIS 11 -- AMERICAN CIVILIZATION I (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
History of the American people from colonial times to the Civil War, includes: the birth and development of American society; the American Revolution; the rise of the common man; conquest of the frontier, slavery and the Old South.

+ HIS 12 -- AMERICAN CIVILIZATION II (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
American people from the Civil War to the present includes: reuniting the country after the Civil War; the role of the Black in American society; growth of American business; immigration; the rise of the United States as a world power; American Society in the 20th century.

+ HIS 15 -- ERA of the CIVIL WAR: 1828 to 1877 (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
America, from the age of Jackson to Reconstruction, the growth of a national society, reform movements, the problem of slavery and race, sectionalism and nationalism, the Civil War and the triumph of American capitalism.

+ HIS 20 -- THE IMMIGRANT in AMERICAN SOCIETY (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
Changing immigration pattern from the 17th century to the present. Immigrants, their motives and ambitions (background, role in American society, and contributions to American life).

+ HIS 21 -- POPULAR CULTURE in AMERICA (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
Development of sports, fads, and folklore in America including additional significant aspects of American society from the colonial era to the present.

+ HIS 41 -- THE INDIAN in AMERlCAN HISTORY (3 crs. 3 hrs.)

History of the American Indian from Columbus to the present. Indian culture, its place in Indian history, Indian-white conflict, Indian problems in contemporary American society.

+ HIS 50 -- THE BLACK in AMERICAN HISTORY (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
Study of Black Americans within the context of American civilization. Their role in the growth of the nation is examined to understand their contributions, their problems and the attitudes of all Americans, black and white, on the issue of race.

+ HIS 55 -- HISTORY of ITALIAN AMERICANS (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
The circumstances of Italian immigration to the United States from the colonial period to the present. The Italians' contributions to American culture, their treatment in American literature, and the changes they experienced in their own lives, as a result of living in the United States.

+ HIS 59 -- MODERN AMERICA: 1920 to PRESENT (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
Development of the United States from 1920 to the present. The Jazz Age, the Great Depression, the New Deal, World War II, the Cold War, the Civil Rights Revolution, and the protest movements of the 1960's.

+ HIS 62 -- HISTORY of NEW YORK CITY (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
The history of the City of New York from its founding to the present. New York City's development; its history; its origin as a Dutch trading post; position in colonial culture and society; role in the American Revolution and the founding of the American Republic; growth as a great commercial, transportation, manufacturing, and banking center; citizens' attitude toward slavery and race relations; importance as the center of immigration; growth and expansion into neighboring communities; and its problems and difficulties as a modern megalopolis.

+ HIS 63 -- HISTORY OF RELIGION (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
A survey of historical development of the major religions in world civiliations; the ancient religions of Mesopotamia, Ehypt, Persia, classical Greece and Rome; Christianity and Islam; the religious traditions of Inida, China and Japan.

+HIS 66 -- WOMEN IN THE SOCIAL SCIENCES (also listed as WS01) (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
An interdisciplinary study of women from an historical and multicultural perspective focusing on the socio-historical and political position of women.Social science and feminist theories are used to analyze genfer inequality in society. Gender differences are analyzed to understand women's historical and present social positions. Cross-cultural views of gender are also explored.Race, class,age and sexual orientation as well as gender are central analytical themes revealing the diversity of women's lives.

+HIS 68 -- WOMEN in AMERICAN HISTORY (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
Examination of the status of women in the United States from colonial times to the present, the European precedents for the treatment of American women, the attempts to alter women's opportunities and rights, and the nature of reform movements in America.

+ HIS 69 -- AMERICAN JEWISH HISTORY (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
Study of Jews within the context of American History, with emphasis on the settlement of America as part of the Diasporic experience. The historical causes for the unique aspects of American Judaism, economic and geographical mobility, the Jewish labor movement, the radical intellectuals of the '30's, and contemporary issues.


+ HIS 31 -- EUROPE: NAPOLEON to HITLER, 1789 to 1945 (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
A social, cultural, political, and economic approach to the development of European civilization from the French Revolution to the 20th century. Emphasis is on industrialism, nationalism, imperialism, world wars, and totalitarianism.

+ HIS 32 -- MODERN CHINA (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
The reshaping of China and its revolutionary role in the modern world.

+ HIS 33 -- AFRICA: PAST and PRESENT (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
The historical development of Africa with emphasis on the cultural interchange, colonialism and the nationalist revolts, new governments and the problem of modernization, conflicts of interest of the great powers, and 20th century nationalistic rivalries.

+ HIS 34 -- MILITARY HISTORY (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
Study of modern military history, the strategic, tactical, and technological factors relating to warfare including: classic warfare; the age of limited war, modern nationalism and total war, modern guerrilla and contemporary warfare.

+ HIS 36 -- EUROPE in the TWENTIETH CENTURY (3 crs. 3 hrs.)

The transformation of European society in the 20th century. The political, military, economic and cultural factors as well as the social and technological changes which gave the 20th century its unique character.

+ HIS 37 -- THE MIDDLE EAST: WORLD WAR I to the PRESENT (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
This course will present an anyalysis of the major events and trends in Middle Eastern history from the middle of the 19th century to present. Events in the Middle East-broadly defined to include the Fertile Crescent, North Africa and the Persian gulf region-will be viewed in global context. Major topics to be discussed include: the decline of the Ottoman Empire, European imperialism and its impact on Middle Eastern socirety and politics, governmental reform and constitutionalism, nationalism, economic development and the oil industry, and diplomacy and war in the MiddleEast. The course will operate in a comparative history modality, viewing the events from the perspective of the Turks, Arabs, Jews and other nationalities.

+ HIS 42 -- THE CARIBBEAN: 1492 to the PRESENT (3 crs. 3 hrs.)Development of the Caribbean Islands from 1492 to the present, including pre-Columbian cultures, European colonization and rivalries, slavery, and the development of modern Caribbean culture.

+ HIS 43 -- THE HISTORY of the PUERTO RICAN IMMIGRANT (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
The history of Puerto Rico from pre-Columbian times to the modern era. Focus will be on the nature of and reasons for Puerto Rican immigration to the mainland, the development of Puerto Rican communitites in North American urban centers, and the migration back to Puerto Rico.

+ HIS 44 -- THE NAZI HOLOCAUST (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
The rise of Nazism and its legislative, political, and destructive machinery; the internal life of the Jew in the Ghettos and Concentration Camps; the Jewish Councils and Resistance movements; the attitude of the "Free World"; the Allies, the Church; negotiations for rescue; the scope of the Final Solution, and the literature of the Holocaust.

+ HIS 51 -- THE ANCIENT WORLD (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
Origins of civilization and the emergence of the great cultures of the Near East. The religious, social, economic, and political ideas and institutions of Egypt, Mesopotamia, the Hebrews, Greece, and Rome, which shaped Western civilization.

+ HIS 52 - ROOTS OF THE MODERN WORLD (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
The main themes of Western civilization from the Middle Ages to the 18th century. The nature of medieval society, birth of modern capitalism, expansion of Europe, the Renaissance, religious revolution of the 16th century, emergence of modern science, and the Age of Reason.

+HIS 53 -- RUSSIAN HISTORY: 1860 to the PRESENT (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
Reform and revolution in Russia and the establishment of the Soviet regime, analysis and evaluation of the U.S.S.R. under its several leaders, the crises of Soviet society, the collapse of the Soviet Union and the aftermath.

+ HIS 56 -- WITCHCRAFT-AN HISTORICAL STUDY (3 crs. 3 hrs.)History of witchcraft from its beginning in the ancient Near East to the great witch-hunts in Europe and America and its decline in the age of skepticism, the 17th and 18th centuries.

+ HIS 57 -- LATIN AMERICAN HISTORY (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
The development of Latin America from colonial times to the present, the intermingling of cultures, ideas, and the formation of a Latin American civilization.

+ HIS 64 -- MODERN JEWISH HISTORY (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
History of the Jewish people from the mid-17th century to the present. Topics include: the Messianic and Hassidic movements, enlightenment, emancipation and assimilation, the rise of new religious forms, the great migrations, nationalism, anti-Semitism, the growth of Hebrew and Yiddish literature, the emergence of Zionism and the establishment of the State of Israel.

The ideological basis of industrialism, laissez-faire, doctrines of reform and transformation, the co-related movements in the 19th and 20th centuries. Topics include: emergence of post-democratic totalitarianism in Russia, Italy, and Germany, contemporary expressions of Socialism, Marxism, Leninism, and revisionist views of liberalism and democracy.

High points of Jewish development from the Babylonian exile to the mid-17th century. Topics include: the role of the exile, Ezra and Nehemiah, the political, social and religious developments during the Second Commonwealth, the Talmud and its influence, the relationship with Christianity and Islam and the communal institutions developed in the various parts of the Diaspora.

+ HIS 70 -- HISTORICAL GEOGRAPHY (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
Geographic sources, their interpretation and evaluation and development of student's geographical sense to gain greater insight and understanding in learning history, or any other liberal arts discipline. A survey of the history, methodology and various theoretical approaches to geography, practical training in map-reading skills, interpretation and library organization and utilization.

HIS 81 -- INDEPENDENT STUDY (1-3 crs. 1-3 hrs.)
Independent study of History is developed individually between student and faculty member and must be approved by the Department.

HIS 82 -- (1-3 crs. 1-3 hrs.)
This course is of a topical and pilot nature and is designed to meet the immediate needs and interests of various student populations. It is offered for a maximum of two semesters.


Philosophical thought and its influence on modern man with emphasis on classical Greece, India, and China. Focus is on the work of Plato, Aristotle, Confucius, Lao Tsu.

Philosophical thought from the Renaissance to the present with emphasis on Cartesian thought, natural religion, skepticism, idealism and existentialism. Focus is on the work of Descartes, Spinoza, Hume, Nietzche, Kierkegaard.

+ PHI 07300 -- LOGIC: THEORIES of ARGUMENTATION (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
Introduction to the basic theories of argumentation in their evolution from Plato and Aristotle to contemporary theories. Principles of logic, scientific method, and their application.

+ PHI 07400 -- ETHICS: A STUDY of ETHICAL PROBLEMS (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
Ethical and moral theories from the Greek philosophers to the present. Problems which are constant in human history will be examined against the background of various classical and modern writers.

Study of the aesthetic experience in the philosophies of Plato, Aristotle, Schopenhauer, Nietzche and Kierkegaard. Examination of the criteria of the theories of beauty with reference to art, literature and music.

+ PHI 07600 -- ETHICS and MORALITY in the HEALTH PROFESSIONS (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
The range of moral dilemmas associated with health care and biological research includes an in-depth study of the major ethical theories that determine the content of our moral concepts.

+PHI 07700 - PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION (3 crs. 3hrs.)
Introduction to the major metaphysical, epistemological and religious approaches to the fundamental questions of human existence. A comparative analysis of the varying concepts of divinity found in the religious traditions of the world.

A survey of the development of philosophical thought in the great Asian religious traditions: Buddhism, Hinduism, Confucianism and Taoism. Special emphasis on the major philosophical debates between and within these divergent traditions.

PHI 08100 -- INDEPENDENT STUDY (1-3 crs. 1-3 hrs.)
Independent study of Philosophy is developed individually between student and faculty member and must be approved by the Department.

PHI 08200 -- (1-3 crs. 1-3 hrs.)
This course is of a topical and pilot nature and is designed to meet the immediate needs and interests of various student populations. It is offered for a maximum of two semesters.


Selected major political philosophers from Plato to Machiavelli from Locke and Rousseau to Hegel and Marx. What are the bases for political leadership, political obligation, majority rule and minority rights?

+ POL 05100-- AMERICAN GOVERNMENT and POLITICS (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
Structure of the national government and the way it operates includes discussion of our democratic system, the three branches of government (executive, legislative and judicial), political parties, pressure groups, and current legislation.

+ POL 05200 -- COMPARATIVE GOVERNMENT (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
The major types of political systems in selected foreign countries includes study of the role of ideology, economics, elite groups, political institutions, comparison of Western and non-Western systems, with emphasis on Britain, France, Germany, Italy, the Soviet Union and selected African, Asian, and Latin American countries.


+ POL 05300-- STATE and LOCAL GOVERNMENTS and POLITICS (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
The role of state and local governments in the American political system particularly New York State, New York City and representative urban problems. Governmental structure is presented as the permanent yet changing framework within which urban-centered political action takes place.

+ POL 05400 -- THE AMERICAN PRESIDENCY (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
Description and analysis of the Presidency as a post-World War II political institution. An historical introduction to the role of the President, the growth of the Presidency from 1789 to the present, and the factors currently affecting presidential elections, and presidential powers.

+ POL 05500 -- AMERICAN POLITICAL PARTIES (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
The function and role of the American political party system in American life will be explored. Special emphasis will be given to social bases of voting blocks, patterns of voting and non-voting, the influence of money and interest groups on the parties and how the system has changed over time.

+ POL 05600 -- CITY POLITICS (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
An examination of the urban community's political actions and response to government policy. How ethnic, racial, religious and economic groups interact within the political system to meet the needs of their respective communities.

Political economy within a social, political and historical context and the problems of recession, inflation and resource insufficiency. "Getting and spending" and their concomitant politico-economic costs and benefits are dealt with in discussions and readings which are institutionally oriented rather than theoretically contrived. Attention is on existing and emerging public agencies and their constituencies, and on the nature of policy making and administration.

+POL 05800--ENVIRONMENTAL POLITICS (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
The nature and causes of hazards that pose threats to the global environment and the policies that have been put forth to solve these problems. The roles played by political parties, interest groups and government in shaping public policy on the state, national and international levels are also examined.

+ POL 05900 -- INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
Analysis of the role of America in international relations with emphasis on sovereignty, state power, colonialism, imperialism, nationalism and ideologies, the role of international organizations and law, collective security and regionalism in the maintenance of international order.

The practice of American public administration emphasizing the role of bureaucracy in the American political system, political environment of public-sector administrative units, process of policy making and policy implementation in the American political context, policy-making function of administrators and their relationships with other factors in the political process.

+ POL 06300-- INTRODUCTION to CRIMINAL JUSTICE (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
Introduction to the criminal justice system in the United States. Includes study of crime and the three elements which comprise the criminal justice system: police, courts and corrections. Attention is given to civil liberties issues which involve the procedural due process rights of persons accused of crime.

POL 06400 -- CRIME and PUNISHMENT (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
Focus will be on “Crime” and on “Punishment,” the two major aspects of the criminal justice system. Course will consider the three sections: The Institution of Punishment, Crime and Criminals, Controlling Crime through Punishment.

+ POL 06500 -- CIVIL RIGHTS and LIBERTIES (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
The central American heritage issues of freedom and equality of opportunity, the development of freedom of speech, press, religion, guarantees of assembly and petition, civil rights, women's rights, and affirmative action.

+ POL 06600 -- CONSTITUTIONAL LAW (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
Designed for, but not limited to, students interested in a pre-law curriculum. United States Supreme Court decisions and opinions in several major areas of constitutional law will be studied.

+ POL 06700 -- THE AMERICAN LEGAL SYSTEM: THE COURTS (3 crs. 3 hrs.)
Designed for, but not limited to, students interested in a pre-law curriculum. The American judicial process at the federal and state levels will be investigated.

POL 06900 – Policing (3crs., 3 hrs.)
A study of policing in America. Historical development, selection and training, police culture, organization and administration, patrol, criminal
investigation, ethics and corruption, civilian review board, women and minorities in policing and challenges for the future are covered.
POL 06300

POL 07000 – Corrections and Sentencing (3 crs., 3 hrs.)
The policies and practices of the criminal justice system following the offender’s arrest and conviction for a crime. The history of corrections
is reviewed, and the functions of agencies that provide correctional services are covered; jails, probation, prisons, parole and intermediate
sanctions. The course also considers important controversies and major trends in contemporary correctional practice.

POL 08100 -- INDEPENDENT STUDY (1-3 crs. 1-3 hrs.)
Independent study of Political Science is developed individually between student and faculty member and must be approved by the Department.

POL 08200 -- (1-3 crs. 1-3 hrs.)
This course is of a topical and pilot nature and is designed to meet the immediate needs and interests of various student populations. It is offered for a maximum of two semesters.

The concepts and methodologies of sociology, psychology, economics, political science and history helps students understand issues of current significance.

+ Basic Course

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